出現紀錄

Insects of the Forest-Tundra Ecotone (ForTunE)

最新版本 由 Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research 發佈於 2023年8月2日 Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research
發布日期:
2023年8月2日
授權條款:
CC-BY 4.0

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說明

The forest–tundra ecotone, which spans the whole northern Hemisphere, is the zone where closed forests gradually give way to open arctic or alpine tundra. In northern Norway, the forest–tundra ecotone is formed by three main vegetation types: (1) subarctic forests, where the canopy layer is formed almost exclusively by mountain birch; (2) a transitional zone of tall-shrub tundra dominated by diverse willow species in various combinations; and (3) arctic and alpine tundra, with low vegetation consisting of dwarf shrubs, herbs, grasses, mosses, and lichens. During the coming decades, the distributions of the different habitat types within the forest–tundra ecotone will change dramatically as a result of the warming climate. Especially open tundra habitats will shrink from their current extent due to shrub expansion. This may lead to significant losses of vertebrate and invertebrate species in open tundra habitats, but also of species living within other components of the forest–tundra ecotone. Predicting the effects of climate change requires detailed information on current diversity as well as the habitat and niche requirements of individual species. In our project, we use DNA barcodes to identify and to infer niches of insect species in different habitats within the forest–tundra ecotone. The first part of our project concentrates on the most important groups of plant-feeding insects in the north: butterflies and moths, symphytan hymenopterans (sawflies), beetles, leaf-mining flies, and hyperdiverse gall midges. In particular, we aim to barcode larvae collected directly from identified host plants, because the host plants determine the habitat(s) in which a given insect species can survive. In our second main line of investigation, we barcode hymenopteran and dipteran parasitoids reared from the herbivore larvae. Parasitoids are known to be hyperdiverse in subarctic and arctic environments, but are extremely difficult to identify based on morphological traits. Parasitoids constitute the main source of mortality for the larvae of other insects, so understanding parasitoid species richness and community composition in the forest–tundra ecotone will, for example, help to understand the regulation of moth outbreaks in mountain birch forests. Our barcoding project provides information on insect diversity in different habitats within the northern forest–tundra ecotone, provides genetic tools and reference databases for ongoing and planned environmental monitoring efforts, and results in data that can be used to estimate the threats that specific insect species, taxa, and communities face because of the warming climate of the future.

資料紀錄

此資源出現紀錄的資料已發佈為達爾文核心集檔案(DwC-A),其以一或多組資料表構成分享生物多樣性資料的標準格式。 核心資料表包含 783 筆紀錄。

此 IPT 存放資料以提供資料儲存庫服務。資料與資源的詮釋資料可由「下載」單元下載。「版本」表格列出此資源的其它公開版本,以便利追蹤其隨時間的變更。

版本

以下的表格只顯示可公開存取資源的已發布版本。

如何引用

研究者應依照以下指示引用此資源。:

Nyman, T. 2023. Insects of the forest-tundra-ecotone (ForTunE).

權利

研究者應尊重以下權利聲明。:

此資料的發布者及權利單位為 Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.

GBIF 註冊

此資源已向GBIF註冊,並指定以下之GBIF UUID: 83bf1012-38d7-4260-8d3a-866516c65c82。  Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research 發佈此資源,並經由GBIF Norway同意向GBIF註冊成為資料發佈者。

關鍵字

Arctic; herbivore; parasitoid; plant-herbivore-parasitoid networks; pollinators; Salix; Norway; Chalcidoidea; Ichneumonoidea; Egle; Cecidomyiidae

聯絡資訊

Tommi Nyman
  • 出處
  • 連絡人
Researcher
NIBIO
Svanhovd 35
9925 Svanvik
NO
+47 902 84 254

地理涵蓋範圍

Northern and eastern Finnmark in Norway

界定座標範圍 緯度南界 經度西界 [69.157, 28.49], 緯度北界 經度東界 [70.584, 30.795]

分類群涵蓋範圍

N/A

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Arthropoda
Class Insecta
Order Diptera
Family Anthomyiidae

計畫資料

The forest–tundra ecotone, which spans the whole northern Hemisphere, is the zone where closed forests gradually give way to open arctic or alpine tundra. In northern Norway, the forest–tundra ecotone is formed by three main vegetation types: (1) subarctic forests, where the canopy layer is formed almost exclusively by mountain birch; (2) a transitional zone of tall-shrub tundra dominated by diverse willow species in various combinations; and (3) arctic and alpine tundra, with low vegetation consisting of dwarf shrubs, herbs, grasses, mosses, and lichens. During the coming decades, the distributions of the different habitat types within the forest–tundra ecotone will change dramatically as a result of the warming climate. Especially open tundra habitats will shrink from their current extent due to shrub expansion. This may lead to significant losses of vertebrate and invertebrate species in open tundra habitats, but also of species living within other components of the forest–tundra ecotone. Predicting the effects of climate change requires detailed information on current diversity as well as the habitat and niche requirements of individual species. In our project, we use DNA barcodes to identify and to infer niches of insect species in different habitats within the forest–tundra ecotone. The first part of our project concentrates on the most important groups of plant-feeding insects in the north: butterflies and moths, symphytan hymenopterans (sawflies), beetles, leaf-mining flies, and hyperdiverse gall midges. In particular, we aim to barcode larvae collected directly from identified host plants, because the host plants determine the habitat(s) in which a given insect species can survive. In our second main line of investigation, we barcode hymenopteran and dipteran parasitoids reared from the herbivore larvae. Parasitoids are known to be hyperdiverse in subarctic and arctic environments, but are extremely difficult to identify based on morphological traits. Parasitoids constitute the main source of mortality for the larvae of other insects, so understanding parasitoid species richness and community composition in the forest–tundra ecotone will, for example, help to understand the regulation of moth outbreaks in mountain birch forests. Our barcoding project provides information on insect diversity in different habitats within the northern forest–tundra ecotone, provides genetic tools and reference databases for ongoing and planned environmental monitoring efforts, and results in data that can be used to estimate the threats that specific insect species, taxa, and communities face because of the warming climate of the future.

計畫名稱 Insects of the Forest-Tundra Ecotone
辨識碼 Artsprosjekt_27-19_ForTunE
經費來源 Artsdatabanken (project 27-19)
研究區域描述 Northern and Eastern Finnmark, Norway

參與計畫的人員:

Tommi Nyman
Erkka Laine
  • 內容提供者
Kenneth Kuba
  • 內容提供者
Jon Peder Lindemann
  • 內容提供者
Janika Ahola
  • 內容提供者
Patrycja Dominiak
  • 內容提供者
Snorre Hagen
  • 擁有者

取樣方法

(1) Insects reared from Salix catkins and galls (2) Insects collected from flowers of Rubus chamaemorus and Salix species (3) Material from Malaise traps (4) Observations of Salix species

研究範圍 Insects and plants of Northern and Eastern Finnmark, Norway

方法步驟描述:

  1. Collecting, rearing, sorting, identification, DNA barcoding

收藏資料

蒐藏名稱 NIBIO Svanhovd Biobank
標本保存方法 Alcohol

額外的詮釋資料

替代的識別碼 83bf1012-38d7-4260-8d3a-866516c65c82
https://ipt.gbif.no/resource?r=artsprosjekt_27-19_fortune