オカレンス(観察データと標本)

Insects of the Forest-Tundra Ecotone (ForTunE)

最新バージョン Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research によって公開 2023/08/02 Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research

DwC-A形式のリソース データまたは EML / RTF 形式のリソース メタデータの最新バージョンをダウンロード:

DwC ファイルとしてのデータ ダウンロード 783 レコード English で (24 KB) - 更新頻度: not planned
EML ファイルとしてのメタデータ ダウンロード English で (17 KB)
RTF ファイルとしてのメタデータ ダウンロード English で (10 KB)

説明

The forest–tundra ecotone, which spans the whole northern Hemisphere, is the zone where closed forests gradually give way to open arctic or alpine tundra. In northern Norway, the forest–tundra ecotone is formed by three main vegetation types: (1) subarctic forests, where the canopy layer is formed almost exclusively by mountain birch; (2) a transitional zone of tall-shrub tundra dominated by diverse willow species in various combinations; and (3) arctic and alpine tundra, with low vegetation consisting of dwarf shrubs, herbs, grasses, mosses, and lichens. During the coming decades, the distributions of the different habitat types within the forest–tundra ecotone will change dramatically as a result of the warming climate. Especially open tundra habitats will shrink from their current extent due to shrub expansion. This may lead to significant losses of vertebrate and invertebrate species in open tundra habitats, but also of species living within other components of the forest–tundra ecotone. Predicting the effects of climate change requires detailed information on current diversity as well as the habitat and niche requirements of individual species. In our project, we use DNA barcodes to identify and to infer niches of insect species in different habitats within the forest–tundra ecotone. The first part of our project concentrates on the most important groups of plant-feeding insects in the north: butterflies and moths, symphytan hymenopterans (sawflies), beetles, leaf-mining flies, and hyperdiverse gall midges. In particular, we aim to barcode larvae collected directly from identified host plants, because the host plants determine the habitat(s) in which a given insect species can survive. In our second main line of investigation, we barcode hymenopteran and dipteran parasitoids reared from the herbivore larvae. Parasitoids are known to be hyperdiverse in subarctic and arctic environments, but are extremely difficult to identify based on morphological traits. Parasitoids constitute the main source of mortality for the larvae of other insects, so understanding parasitoid species richness and community composition in the forest–tundra ecotone will, for example, help to understand the regulation of moth outbreaks in mountain birch forests. Our barcoding project provides information on insect diversity in different habitats within the northern forest–tundra ecotone, provides genetic tools and reference databases for ongoing and planned environmental monitoring efforts, and results in data that can be used to estimate the threats that specific insect species, taxa, and communities face because of the warming climate of the future.

データ レコード

この オカレンス(観察データと標本) リソース内のデータは、1 つまたは複数のデータ テーブルとして生物多様性データを共有するための標準化された形式であるダーウィン コア アーカイブ (DwC-A) として公開されています。 コア データ テーブルには、783 レコードが含まれています。

この IPT はデータをアーカイブし、データ リポジトリとして機能します。データとリソースのメタデータは、 ダウンロード セクションからダウンロードできます。 バージョン テーブルから公開可能な他のバージョンを閲覧でき、リソースに加えられた変更を知ることができます。

バージョン

次の表は、公にアクセス可能な公開バージョンのリソースのみ表示しています。

引用方法

研究者はこの研究内容を以下のように引用する必要があります。:

Nyman, T. 2023. Insects of the forest-tundra-ecotone (ForTunE).

権利

研究者は権利に関する下記ステートメントを尊重する必要があります。:

パブリッシャーとライセンス保持者権利者は Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.

GBIF登録

このリソースをはGBIF と登録されており GBIF UUID: 83bf1012-38d7-4260-8d3a-866516c65c82が割り当てられています。   GBIF Norway によって承認されたデータ パブリッシャーとして GBIF に登録されているNorwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research が、このリソースをパブリッシュしました。

キーワード

Arctic; herbivore; parasitoid; plant-herbivore-parasitoid networks; pollinators; Salix; Norway; Chalcidoidea; Ichneumonoidea; Egle; Cecidomyiidae

連絡先

Tommi Nyman
  • 最初のデータ採集者
  • 連絡先
Researcher
NIBIO
Svanhovd 35
9925 Svanvik
NO
+47 902 84 254

地理的範囲

Northern and eastern Finnmark in Norway

座標(緯度経度) 南 西 [69.157, 28.49], 北 東 [70.584, 30.795]

生物分類学的範囲

N/A

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Arthropoda
Class Insecta
Order Diptera
Family Anthomyiidae

プロジェクトデータ

The forest–tundra ecotone, which spans the whole northern Hemisphere, is the zone where closed forests gradually give way to open arctic or alpine tundra. In northern Norway, the forest–tundra ecotone is formed by three main vegetation types: (1) subarctic forests, where the canopy layer is formed almost exclusively by mountain birch; (2) a transitional zone of tall-shrub tundra dominated by diverse willow species in various combinations; and (3) arctic and alpine tundra, with low vegetation consisting of dwarf shrubs, herbs, grasses, mosses, and lichens. During the coming decades, the distributions of the different habitat types within the forest–tundra ecotone will change dramatically as a result of the warming climate. Especially open tundra habitats will shrink from their current extent due to shrub expansion. This may lead to significant losses of vertebrate and invertebrate species in open tundra habitats, but also of species living within other components of the forest–tundra ecotone. Predicting the effects of climate change requires detailed information on current diversity as well as the habitat and niche requirements of individual species. In our project, we use DNA barcodes to identify and to infer niches of insect species in different habitats within the forest–tundra ecotone. The first part of our project concentrates on the most important groups of plant-feeding insects in the north: butterflies and moths, symphytan hymenopterans (sawflies), beetles, leaf-mining flies, and hyperdiverse gall midges. In particular, we aim to barcode larvae collected directly from identified host plants, because the host plants determine the habitat(s) in which a given insect species can survive. In our second main line of investigation, we barcode hymenopteran and dipteran parasitoids reared from the herbivore larvae. Parasitoids are known to be hyperdiverse in subarctic and arctic environments, but are extremely difficult to identify based on morphological traits. Parasitoids constitute the main source of mortality for the larvae of other insects, so understanding parasitoid species richness and community composition in the forest–tundra ecotone will, for example, help to understand the regulation of moth outbreaks in mountain birch forests. Our barcoding project provides information on insect diversity in different habitats within the northern forest–tundra ecotone, provides genetic tools and reference databases for ongoing and planned environmental monitoring efforts, and results in data that can be used to estimate the threats that specific insect species, taxa, and communities face because of the warming climate of the future.

タイトル Insects of the Forest-Tundra Ecotone
識別子 Artsprosjekt_27-19_ForTunE
ファンデイング Artsdatabanken (project 27-19)
Study Area Description Northern and Eastern Finnmark, Norway

プロジェクトに携わる要員:

Tommi Nyman
Erkka Laine
  • データ提供者
Kenneth Kuba
  • データ提供者
Jon Peder Lindemann
  • データ提供者
Janika Ahola
  • データ提供者
Patrycja Dominiak
  • データ提供者
Snorre Hagen
  • データ所有者

収集方法

(1) Insects reared from Salix catkins and galls (2) Insects collected from flowers of Rubus chamaemorus and Salix species (3) Material from Malaise traps (4) Observations of Salix species

Study Extent Insects and plants of Northern and Eastern Finnmark, Norway

Method step description:

  1. Collecting, rearing, sorting, identification, DNA barcoding

コレクションデータ

コレクション名 NIBIO Svanhovd Biobank
標本保存方法 Alcohol

追加のメタデータ

代替識別子 83bf1012-38d7-4260-8d3a-866516c65c82
https://ipt.gbif.no/resource?r=artsprosjekt_27-19_fortune