Registros biológicos

Insects of the Forest-Tundra Ecotone (ForTunE)

Última versión Publicado por Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research en 2 de agosto de 2023 Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research
Fecha de publicación:
2 de agosto de 2023
Licencia:
CC-BY 4.0

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Descripción

The forest–tundra ecotone, which spans the whole northern Hemisphere, is the zone where closed forests gradually give way to open arctic or alpine tundra. In northern Norway, the forest–tundra ecotone is formed by three main vegetation types: (1) subarctic forests, where the canopy layer is formed almost exclusively by mountain birch; (2) a transitional zone of tall-shrub tundra dominated by diverse willow species in various combinations; and (3) arctic and alpine tundra, with low vegetation consisting of dwarf shrubs, herbs, grasses, mosses, and lichens. During the coming decades, the distributions of the different habitat types within the forest–tundra ecotone will change dramatically as a result of the warming climate. Especially open tundra habitats will shrink from their current extent due to shrub expansion. This may lead to significant losses of vertebrate and invertebrate species in open tundra habitats, but also of species living within other components of the forest–tundra ecotone. Predicting the effects of climate change requires detailed information on current diversity as well as the habitat and niche requirements of individual species. In our project, we use DNA barcodes to identify and to infer niches of insect species in different habitats within the forest–tundra ecotone. The first part of our project concentrates on the most important groups of plant-feeding insects in the north: butterflies and moths, symphytan hymenopterans (sawflies), beetles, leaf-mining flies, and hyperdiverse gall midges. In particular, we aim to barcode larvae collected directly from identified host plants, because the host plants determine the habitat(s) in which a given insect species can survive. In our second main line of investigation, we barcode hymenopteran and dipteran parasitoids reared from the herbivore larvae. Parasitoids are known to be hyperdiverse in subarctic and arctic environments, but are extremely difficult to identify based on morphological traits. Parasitoids constitute the main source of mortality for the larvae of other insects, so understanding parasitoid species richness and community composition in the forest–tundra ecotone will, for example, help to understand the regulation of moth outbreaks in mountain birch forests. Our barcoding project provides information on insect diversity in different habitats within the northern forest–tundra ecotone, provides genetic tools and reference databases for ongoing and planned environmental monitoring efforts, and results in data that can be used to estimate the threats that specific insect species, taxa, and communities face because of the warming climate of the future.

Registros

Los datos en este recurso de registros biológicos han sido publicados como Archivo Darwin Core(DwC-A), el cual es un formato estándar para compartir datos de biodiversidad como un conjunto de una o más tablas de datos. La tabla de datos del core contiene 783 registros.

Este IPT archiva los datos y, por lo tanto, sirve como repositorio de datos. Los datos y los metadatos del recurso están disponibles para su descarga en la sección descargas. La tabla versiones enumera otras versiones del recurso que se han puesto a disposición del público y permite seguir los cambios realizados en el recurso a lo largo del tiempo.

Versiones

La siguiente tabla muestra sólo las versiones publicadas del recurso que son de acceso público.

¿Cómo referenciar?

Los usuarios deben citar este trabajo de la siguiente manera:

Nyman, T. 2023. Insects of the forest-tundra-ecotone (ForTunE).

Derechos

Los usuarios deben respetar los siguientes derechos de uso:

El publicador y propietario de los derechos de este trabajo es Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research. Esta obra está bajo una licencia Creative Commons de Atribución/Reconocimiento (CC-BY 4.0).

Registro GBIF

Este recurso ha sido registrado en GBIF con el siguiente UUID: 83bf1012-38d7-4260-8d3a-866516c65c82.  Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research publica este recurso y está registrado en GBIF como un publicador de datos avalado por GBIF Norway.

Palabras clave

Arctic; herbivore; parasitoid; plant-herbivore-parasitoid networks; pollinators; Salix; Norway; Chalcidoidea; Ichneumonoidea; Egle; Cecidomyiidae

Contactos

Tommi Nyman
  • Originador
  • Punto De Contacto
Researcher
NIBIO
Svanhovd 35
9925 Svanvik
NO
+47 902 84 254

Cobertura geográfica

Northern and eastern Finnmark in Norway

Coordenadas límite Latitud Mínima Longitud Mínima [69,157, 28,49], Latitud Máxima Longitud Máxima [70,584, 30,795]

Cobertura taxonómica

N/A

Reino Animalia
Filo Arthropoda
Class Insecta
Orden Diptera
Familia Anthomyiidae

Datos del proyecto

The forest–tundra ecotone, which spans the whole northern Hemisphere, is the zone where closed forests gradually give way to open arctic or alpine tundra. In northern Norway, the forest–tundra ecotone is formed by three main vegetation types: (1) subarctic forests, where the canopy layer is formed almost exclusively by mountain birch; (2) a transitional zone of tall-shrub tundra dominated by diverse willow species in various combinations; and (3) arctic and alpine tundra, with low vegetation consisting of dwarf shrubs, herbs, grasses, mosses, and lichens. During the coming decades, the distributions of the different habitat types within the forest–tundra ecotone will change dramatically as a result of the warming climate. Especially open tundra habitats will shrink from their current extent due to shrub expansion. This may lead to significant losses of vertebrate and invertebrate species in open tundra habitats, but also of species living within other components of the forest–tundra ecotone. Predicting the effects of climate change requires detailed information on current diversity as well as the habitat and niche requirements of individual species. In our project, we use DNA barcodes to identify and to infer niches of insect species in different habitats within the forest–tundra ecotone. The first part of our project concentrates on the most important groups of plant-feeding insects in the north: butterflies and moths, symphytan hymenopterans (sawflies), beetles, leaf-mining flies, and hyperdiverse gall midges. In particular, we aim to barcode larvae collected directly from identified host plants, because the host plants determine the habitat(s) in which a given insect species can survive. In our second main line of investigation, we barcode hymenopteran and dipteran parasitoids reared from the herbivore larvae. Parasitoids are known to be hyperdiverse in subarctic and arctic environments, but are extremely difficult to identify based on morphological traits. Parasitoids constitute the main source of mortality for the larvae of other insects, so understanding parasitoid species richness and community composition in the forest–tundra ecotone will, for example, help to understand the regulation of moth outbreaks in mountain birch forests. Our barcoding project provides information on insect diversity in different habitats within the northern forest–tundra ecotone, provides genetic tools and reference databases for ongoing and planned environmental monitoring efforts, and results in data that can be used to estimate the threats that specific insect species, taxa, and communities face because of the warming climate of the future.

Título Insects of the Forest-Tundra Ecotone
Identificador Artsprosjekt_27-19_ForTunE
Fuentes de Financiación Artsdatabanken (project 27-19)
Descripción del área de estudio Northern and Eastern Finnmark, Norway

Personas asociadas al proyecto:

Tommi Nyman
Erkka Laine
  • Proveedor De Contenido
Kenneth Kuba
  • Proveedor De Contenido
Jon Peder Lindemann
  • Proveedor De Contenido
Janika Ahola
  • Proveedor De Contenido
Patrycja Dominiak
  • Proveedor De Contenido
Snorre Hagen
  • Propietario

Métodos de muestreo

(1) Insects reared from Salix catkins and galls (2) Insects collected from flowers of Rubus chamaemorus and Salix species (3) Material from Malaise traps (4) Observations of Salix species

Área de Estudio Insects and plants of Northern and Eastern Finnmark, Norway

Descripción de la metodología paso a paso:

  1. Collecting, rearing, sorting, identification, DNA barcoding

Datos de la colección

Nombre de la Colección NIBIO Svanhovd Biobank
Métodos de preservación de los ejemplares Alcohol

Metadatos adicionales

Identificadores alternativos 83bf1012-38d7-4260-8d3a-866516c65c82
https://ipt.gbif.no/resource?r=artsprosjekt_27-19_fortune