The importance of host tree age, size and growth rate as determinants of epiphytic lichen diversity in boreal spruce forest.

Latest version published by Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Faculty of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resource Management on Dec 13, 2019 Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Faculty of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resource Management

The amount of large and old trees has decreased in the boreal forests during the last centuries of forestry. Such trees are important habitats for epiphytic lichens and there is a growing concern for lichen species that are associated with large and old trees. However, only little is known about the relative importance of tree size versus age as determinants of lichen diversity. Here we have determined the size, age and growth rate of 157 Norway spruce trees and recorded the occurrence of epiphytic lichen species on their branches and lower stems. The study includes crustose lichens and was done in two old-growth forests in SE Norway. Tree age and tree size were the parameters that explained the largest part of epiphytic lichen diversity. Only the growth rate of the most recent time period, i.e. 1984-2004, showed a statistically significant relationship to diversity. There was no indication of a stabilising species number with increasing tree age. Slow-growing and old trees were, however, mainly of importance to the lichen species growing on stems, and this set of species were in general adversely affected by a large amount of branches. The opposite was the case for the species that were confined to branches as their diversity increased when the amount of branches increased. Our study adds empirical data to support the importance of large and old trees as bearers of biodiversity in boreal forests. Site preservation and patch retention of groups of old and large trees is recommended as measures to maintain epiphytic lichen diversity.

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The publisher and rights holder of this work is Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Faculty of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resource Management. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 39a80c99-56c2-482c-beef-fa960a8eec4d.  Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Faculty of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resource Management publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Norway.

Keywords

Occurrence; boreal forest epiphytic lichens crustose lichens species richness tree age tree size epiphytic lichens crustose foliose alectorioid squamulose; Observation

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Marit Lie
Norwegian University of Life Sciences Høgskoleveien 12 1430 Ås NO 67231666

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Marit Lie
Norwegian University of Life Sciences Høgskoleveien 12 1430 Ås NO 67231666

Who filled in the metadata:

Marit Lie
Norwegian University of Life Sciences Høgskoleveien 12 1430 Ås NO 67231666

Who else was associated with the resource:

User
Christian Svindseth

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Lie, MH; Arup, U; Grytnes, JA and Ohlson, M. 2009. The importance of host tree age, size and growth rate as determinants of epiphytic lichen diversity in boreal spruce forests. Biodiversity and Conservation, 18: 3579-3596.

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers 39a80c99-56c2-482c-beef-fa960a8eec4d
https://ipt.gbif.no/resource?r=nmbu_epiphytic