Rainforest and cloud forest Scolytodes (Curculionidae, Scolytinae, Hexacolini) from the Arthropods of La Selva inventory in Costa Rica: new species, new synonymy, new records
Quantitative collecting efforts over the last several decades in Costa Rica have resulted in many new species of insects. The Arthropods of La Selva projects included collecting from a typical lowland Neotropical forest and up an altitudinal transect, and has provided many valuable samples of insects, spiders and mites potentially new to science. We describe 18 new species in the bark beetle genus Scolytodes Ferrari, 1867, 14 of which were collected during this project: S. angulus Jordal & Kirkendall, sp. nov., S. sufflatus Jordal & Kirkendall, sp. nov., S. squamatifrons Jordal & Kirkendall, sp. nov., S. comosus Jordal & Kirkendall, sp. nov., S. spatulatus Jordal & Kirkendall, sp. nov., S. seriatus Jordal & Kirkendall, sp. nov., S. profundus Jordal & Kirkendall, sp. nov., S. catinus Jordal & Kirkendall, sp. nov., S. fimbriatus Jordal & Kirkendall, sp. nov., S. sulcifrons Jordal & Kirkendall, sp. nov., S. planifrons Jordal & Kirkendall, sp. nov., S. porosus Jordal & Kirkendall, sp. nov., S. mundus Jordal & Kirkendall, sp. nov., S. callosus Jordal & Kirkendall, sp. nov., S. parvipilus Jordal & Kirkendall, sp. nov., S. plenus Jordal & Kirkendall, sp. nov., S. niger Jordal & Kirkendall, sp. nov., and S. simplex Jordal & Kirkendall, sp. nov. One species, Scolytodes minutissimus Schedl, 1952, is redescribed to match the holotype. We give new Costa Rica records for S. costabilis Wood, 1974, which is the correct name for S. obesus Wood, 1975 (syn. nov.). We report Costa Rica as a new country record for six species: Scolytodes clusiacolens Wood, 1967, S. crinalis Wood, 1978, S. culcitatus (Blandford, 1897), S. libidus Wood, 1978, S. reticulatus (Wood, 1961), and S. spadix (Blackman, 1943). From a closely related genus, we provide the first record for Central America (and only the second collection) of Pycnarthrum fulgidum Wood, 1977.
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Samplingevent; bark beetles; biodiversity survey; taxonomy; transect; weevils
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Measurements and morphological terminology are as used in previous papers on the genus (Jordal 1998b, 2018). Scolytodes is here treated as masculine as originally proposed and later corroborated by Alonso-Zarazaga and Lyal (2009). All female-amended names in Wood (2007) were therefore rejected.
|Study Extent||Most of the material treated in this paper is based on collections made during the ALAS projects. In addition to the low altitude location at La Selva Biological Station, ALAS IV included sites on Volcan Barva at 300 m, 500 m, 1000 m, 1500 m, and 2000 m, thus covering all major forest types in Braulio Carrillo National Park. Material originally deposited in INBio were transferred several years ago to the National Museum of Costa Rica (MNCR) and most of the types designated in this paper therefore belong to MNCR. These and other specimens studied are deposited in the following institutions: CASC California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California, USA. CMNC Canadian Museum of Nature (Entomology Div.), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. CNCI Canadian National Collection of Insects, Ottawa. EMEC Essig Museum of Entomology, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA. FSCA Florida State Collection of Arthropods, Gainesville, Florida, USA. MNCR Museo Nacional de Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica. NHMW Naturhistorische Museum, Vienna, Austria. USNM United States National Museum, Washington D.C. (Smithsonian) ZMBN University Museum of Bergen, Norway. All holotypes (or equivalent, e.g., Eggers ‘types’) of Scolytodes from USNM, NHMW, CNCI and MNHN and have been examined. One type is presumably lost (Budapest: S. columbianus). Type material of new species published by Bright (2019) was not examined directly but these have photos of the elytra and sufficiently detailed descriptions.|
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- Measurements and morphological terminology are as used in previous papers on the genus (Jordal 1998b, 2018).