Twenty-one new species of Scolytodes Ferrari are described from Central and South America: Scolytodes cavus Jordal, sp. nov., Scolytodes excavatus Jordal, sp. nov., Scolytodes speculofrons Jordal, sp. nov., Scolytodes potens Jordal, sp. nov., Scolytodes minimus Jordal, sp. nov., Scolytodes setosicauda Jordal, sp. nov., Scolytodes monticola Jordal, sp. nov., Scolytodes aureifrons Jordal, sp. nov., Scolytodes piliscapus Jordal, sp. nov., Scolytodes curvicostatus Jordal, sp. nov., Scolytodes vellus Jordal, sp. nov., Scolytodes granulatus Jordal, sp. nov., Scolytodes bipilosus Jordal, sp. nov., Scolytodes asperatus Jordal, sp. nov., Scolytodes flavifrons Jordal, sp. nov., Scolytodes capillus Jordal, sp. nov., Scolytodes rufus Jordal, sp. nov., Scolytodes johnsoni Jordal, sp. nov., Scolytodes longipilus Jordal, sp. nov., Scolytodes prolatus Jordal, sp. nov., and Scolytodes bicarinatus Jordal, sp. nov. Females of two species were associated with males and described for the first time: Scolytodes pelicipennis (Schedl, 1952) from Mexico, and Scolytodes venustulus Wood, 1967 from Costa Rica. New synonymies were inferred in four species: Scolytodes bolivianus Eggers, 1928 (=Scolytodes aequipunctatus Eggers, 1943 syn. nov.); Scolytodes major Eggers, 1928 (=Scolytodes argentinensis Eggers, 1943 syn. nov.; =Scolytodes boliviensis Eggers, 1928; =Scolytodes similis Eggers, 1928 syn. nov.); Scolytodes ingae (Blackman, 1943), stat. nov. (=Scolytodes trigonus Jordal, 2013 syn. nov.); Scolytodes canalis Wood, 1974 (=Scolytodes amabilis Wood, 1975 syn. nov.). New country records are reported for 13 species: S. alni Wood, 1969 (Panama), S. bolivianus (Brazil), S. canalis Wood, 1974 (Guatemala), S. chapuisi Wood, 1977 (Peru, Brazil), S. costabilis Wood (Costa Rica), S. elongatus Schedl, 1935 (Panama), S. immanis Wood, 1969 (Panama), S. ingae (Blackman, 1943) (Panama), S. irazuensis Wood, 1969 (Panama), S. major (Honduras, Brazil), S. pelicipennis (Schedl, 1952) (Mexico), S. triangulus Jordal, 1998 (Panama), S. unipunctatus (Blandford, 1897) (Panama, Venezuela), S. venustulus Wood, 1967 (Costa Rica).
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Samplingevent; Scolytodes; bark beetles; Neotropics; Cecropia; Ficus
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Scolytodes from Central and South America
|Genus||Scolytodes (Bark beetles)|
Materials studied are deposited in the following institutions: AMNH American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. CAS California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, USA. CNIN Colección Nacional de Insectos, Insituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico. CSCA California State Collection of Arthropods, Sacramento, USA. EAPZ Escuela Agrícola Panaméricana, Zamorano, Honduras. EGRC E.G. Riley Collection, College Station, TX, USA (TAMU). FMNH Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, USA. FSCA Florida State Collection of Arthropods, Gainesville, USA. LRKC Collection of Lawrence R. Kirkendall, University of Bergen, Norway. MIUP Universidad de Panamá, Museo de Invertebrados, Panama. MNHN Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, France. MSUC A.J. Cook Arthropod Research Collection, Michigan State University, E. Lansing, MI, USA. MZUSP Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. NHMW Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien, Austria. TAMU Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA. UNESP Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Engenharia de Ilha Solteira, Ilha Solteira, Brazil. USNM U.S. National Museum of Natural History, Washington D.C., USA. UTIC University of Texas Insect Collection, Austin, TX, USA. ZMBN Zoological collections, entomology, University Museum of Bergen, Norway. ZMLU Zoological Museum, Lund, Sverige.
|Study Extent||Measurements were made as reported in Jordal (1998b). Descriptions of pronotum includes a setal formula, referring to a pattern of longer, erect setae. The typical formula is 4−0−2, with four long setae along the front margin, and one in each hind margin (see fig. 5 in Jordal 1998b). Additional setae may occur, for instance two setae at the anterior one-third which are placed slightly mesal to the lateral margin (4−2−2), or absence of some or all setae (e.g. 4−0−0, 0−0−0).|
Method step description:
- Measurements were made as reported in Jordal (1998b).