Photographs of higher plants, mosses, fungi, lichens, and algae

Versão mais recente publicado por University of Oslo em 2 de Agosto de 2022 University of Oslo
Publication date:
2 de Agosto de 2022
Published by:
University of Oslo
CC-BY-NC 4.0

Baixe a última versão do recurso de dados, como um Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) ou recurso de metadados, como EML ou RTF:

Dados como um arquivo DwC-A download 5.052 registros em English (545 KB) - Frequência de atualização: desconhecido
Metadados como um arquivo EML download em English (17 KB)
Metadados como um arquivo RTF download em English (13 KB)


This archive encompasses photographs of vascular plants, mosses, algae, lichens, fungi, and some other organisms previously regarded as “plants”. All pictures are photographed by Klaus Høiland in Norway or abroad. All people are free to use these photographs if the photographer is mentioned, and the picture is not intended for commercial purposes. For personal security all pictures of people, e.g. as measuring standard by some plants, are blurred. The vascular plants are sorted by families following the systematics presented by Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, version 14., Missouri Botanical Garden, (http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/). The other organisms are presented by orders (lichen and fungi) or phyla (mosses and other organisms, except a few prokaryotes that are grouped together). Inside these categories the names normally follow the alphabet of the scientific names, except in cases were these names newly have been changed for taxonomic or nomenclatorial reasons. The presentation of the pictures is given in the following notation: Scientific name of the species (Taxonomic category, either family, order or phylum) NORWEGIAN NAME, state in Norway and sometimes special features for the actual photography (locality where the picture has been photographed) For instance: Hepatica nobilis (Ranunculaceae) BLÅVEIS, wild, growing place (N, Oslo, Bygdøy) Dracaena draco (Asparagaceae) DRAGEBLODSTRE, exotic (Spain, Tenerife, Icod) Amanita muscaria (Agaricales) RØD FLUESOPP, wild (N, Halden, Frediksten) Buxbaumia viridis (Bryophyta) GRØNNSKO, wild, red list (N, Oslo, Lillomarka, Styggedalen) The scientific names follow the Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre (Artsdatabanken). Exotic organisms follow names found in Store Norske Leksikon or other reliable internet sources. The Norwegian names also follow those given by the Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre (Artsdatabanken). Norwegian names for exotic plants are found in Store Norske Leksikon or other reliable internet sources. The state in Norway has following representation: wild: The organisms are natural (spontaneous) in Norway. For vascular plants this notation also includes weeds that have been in Norway before 1800, together with other obviously introduced plants, but which have been a part of our flora before 1800 (following the view by Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre (Artsdatabanken)). Organisms appearing after 1800, but arrived Norway by natural ways, e.g. sea currents and birds, are similarly regarded as wild. introduced: This means organisms introduced by man, either involuntarily (as several weeds following import of goods or by vehicles or ships) or by purpose (as garden plants, alien forest trees, vegetables, cereals). Included are also parasites introduced by imported vectors (plants or animals). They must have been registered as established in the nature of Norway after 1800, either by specimens in museums or mentioned in literature. For some alien forest trees, where we know the history of introduction, the age is sometimes set before 1800. wild and introduced: This state means that the organisms originally were wild, but has been re-introduced by man. This notation is most actual where the wild occurrences has been extinct (or nearly so), but has be re-introduced afterwards. wild, ephemeral: This means organisms considered as wild, but unstable, appearing a short time on its localities, often disappearing and sometimes re-establishing. “Hello goodbye”-organisms. wild, vanished: Originally wild organisms that have been extinct for a long time. They will have the category “regionally extinct” RE on the red list. red list: The organisms are included in the latest version of the red list, Rødlista 2015, provided by the Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre (Artsdatabanken) (encompassing the categories CR, EN, VU, NT, and DD, but not RE). problem: This indicates an introduced organism that is a problem, usually an invasive species with high ecological impact. With few exceptions only species with very high or high risk in the latest version of Fremmedartslista (2018) provided by the Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre (Artsdatabanken) are mentioned as problem. exotic: Organisms not occurring in Norwegian nature. They are either photographed abroad or in Norway as cultivated specimens. Such cultivated specimens cannot be considered as introduced according to the context used here, since they are not spreading into Norwegian nature. Sometimes special features of the picture is mentioned, e.g. if it shows the growing place, special characteristics as fruits, seeds, female or male structures, accompanying animals and so forth. In parenthesis the place where the photograph is taken is mentioned: land (N = Norway, S = Sweden, other lands unabbreviated), community/landscape, locality etc. For threatened and charismatic species it is stated “locality not given” for conservation reasons.

Registros de Dados

Os dados deste recurso de ocorrência foram publicados como um Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), que é o formato padronizado para compartilhamento de dados de biodiversidade como um conjunto de uma ou mais tabelas de dados. A tabela de dados do núcleo contém 5.052 registros.

Também existem 1 tabelas de dados de extensão. Um registro de extensão fornece informações adicionais sobre um registro do núcleo. O número de registros em cada tabela de dados de extensão é ilustrado abaixo.

Occurrence (core)

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


A tabela abaixo mostra apenas versões de recursos que são publicamente acessíveis.

Como citar

Pesquisadores deveriam citar esta obra da seguinte maneira:

Høiland K (2022): Photographs of higher plants, mosses, fungi, lichens, and algae. v1.17. University of Oslo. Dataset/Occurrence. https://ipt.gbif.no/resource?r=hoiland_images&v=1.17


Pesquisadores devem respeitar a seguinte declaração de direitos:

O editor e o detentor dos direitos deste trabalho é University of Oslo. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

Este recurso foi registrado no GBIF e atribuído ao seguinte GBIF UUID: 88d6237c-fbce-4135-b509-0aeed1e4222e.  University of Oslo publica este recurso, e está registrado no GBIF como um publicador de dados aprovado por GBIF Norway.


Specimen; Occurrence; Occurrence


Klaus Høiland
  • Provedor Dos Metadados
  • Originador
  • Ponto De Contato
Professor emeritus
UIO, Department of Biosciences
Bygdøy allé 75 A
0268 Oslo
+47 92656366
Vidar Bakken

Cobertura Geográfica

Photographs taken mainly in Norway with Svalbard, but also Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Iceland, Spain with Canary Islands, Portugal (Madeira), Greece (Crete), UK, The Netherlands, Germany, France, Czech Republic, Estonia. Some pictures outside rectangle from Zimbabwe, Malawi, Thailand, Canada (British Columbia).

Coordenadas delimitadoras Sul Oeste [24,527, -28,125], Norte Leste [82,495, 39,375]

Cobertura Taxonômica

Higher plants, mosses, algae, lichens, fungi, prokaryotes

Domínio Eubacteria (Bacteria)
Filo Lycophyta (Clubmosses), Pterophyta (Ferns and horsetails), Cycadophyta (Cycads), Ginkgophyta (Ginkgo), Coniferophyta (Conifers), Gnetophyta (Gnetophytes), Anthophyta (Flowering plants), Anthocerophyta (Hornworts), Marchantiophyta (Liverworts), Bryophyta (Mosses), Charophyta (Stoneworts), Chlorophyta (Green algae), Rhodophyta (Red algae), Phaeophyta (Brown algae), Chrysophyta (Golden algae), Bacillariophyta (Diatoms), Oomycota (Egg fungi), Chytridiomycota (Chytrids), Zoopgagomycota, Mucoromycota (Pinmoulds), Ascomycota (Sac fungi), Basidiomycota (Club fungi), Myxomycota (Slime moulds), Cercozoa

Cobertura Temporal

Data Inicial / Data final 1969-07-01 / 2019-05-10

Metadados Adicionais

Identificadores alternativos 88d6237c-fbce-4135-b509-0aeed1e4222e